A common plant that has been utilized for food, fuel, fiber and medicine for the last 12,000 years. Cannabis is a genus of flowering plants in the family Cannabaceae.
The plant is also known as hemp, although this term is often used to refer only to varieties of Cannabis cultivated for non-drug use. Cannabis has long been used for hemp fiber, hemp seeds and their oils, hemp leaves for use as vegetables and as juice and medicinal purposes. Industrial hemp products are made from cannabis plants selected to produce an abundance of fiber.
Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica are two species of cannabis. This means that they share many similar features but have specific and distinct differences. Cannabis sativa, which is used for fiber production and industrially important, is the most widely known type. Cannabis indica is used in drug making and therefore its production is subject to special permission and control in many countries.